Csongrád (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈt͡ʃonɡraːd]) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, on the both sides of the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.
This county has a total area of 4,263 km2 (1,646 sq mi) – 4,58% of Hungary.
The area of Csongrád County is flat. It has a high number of sunshine hours and excellent soil, which makes it the most important agricultural area of Hungary. Its most famous products are paprika from Szeged and onion from Makó, but grain, vegetables and fruits are also significant. Half of the onion, paprika and vegetables produced in Hungary are from Csongrád. The county is also rich in oil and natural gas.
The highest point is Ásotthalom (125 m), the lowest is Gyálarét (78 m; lowest point of Hungary).
After the Ottoman occupation, in 1715 the county was nearly uninhabited, the population density was less than 5/km2. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the county was repopulated by ethnic Hungarians from the relatively overpopulated northern and western counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. Now, the county is home for 423,826 people (216,936 people live in urban counties) with a population density is 100/km2. It has a Hungarian majority.
In 2015, it had a population of 406,205 and the population density was 95/km².
As a typical Great Plain county, Csongrád has a relatively small number of municipalities. 72.5% of the population lives in cities/towns, so it is one of the most urbanized county in Hungary. Csongrád County has 2 cities with county rights (megyei jogú város), 8 towns (város), 7 large villages (nagyközség) and 43 villages (falu).
Szeged is the capital of Csongrád County.
– Changing ethnicities in Hungary (map+data+assay) (Károly Kocsis, Zsolt Bottlik, MTA Földrajztudományi Kutatóintézet, Budapest 2009, ISBN 978-963-9545-18-2, ISBN 978-963-9545-19-9)
– népesség.com, “Csongrád megye népessége 1870-2015”